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日期:2017-2-8 点击:1933


Read the following text and match each of the numbered items in the left column to its corresponding information in the right column. There are two extra choices in the right column. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

The decline in American manufacturing is a common refrain, particularly from Donald Trump. “We don’t make anything anymore,” he told Fox News, while defending his own made-in-Mexico clothing line.

Without question, manufacturing has taken a significant hit during recent decades, and further trade deals raise questions about whether new shocks could hit manufacturing

But there is also a different way to look at the data.Across the country, factory owners are now grappling with a new challenge: instead of having too many workers, they may end up with too few. Despite trade competition and outsourcing, American manufacturing still needs to replace tens of thousands of retiring boomers every years. Millennials may not be that interested in taking their place, other industries are recruiting them with similar or better pay.

For factory owners, it all adds up to stiff competition for workers—and upward pressure on wages. “They’re harder to find and they have job offers,” says Jay Dunwell, president of Wolverine Coil Spring, a family-owned firm, “They may be coming [into the workforce], but they’ve been plucked by other industries that are also doing an well as manufacturing,” Mr. Dunwell has begun bringing high school juniors to the factory so they can get exposed to its culture.

At RoMan Manufacturing, a maker of electrical transformers and welding equipment that his father cofounded in 1980, Robert Roth keep a close eye on the age of his nearly 200 workers, five are retiring this year. Mr. Roth has three community-college students enrolled in a work-placement program, with a starting wage of $13 an hour that rises to $17 after two years.

At a worktable inside the transformer plant, young Jason Stenquist looks flustered by the copper coils he’s trying to assemble and the arrival of two visitors. It’s his first week on the job. Asked about his choice of career, he says at high school he considered medical school before switching to electrical engineering. “I love working with tools. I love creating.” he says.

 But to win over these young workers, manufacturers have to clear another major hurdle: parents, who lived through the worst US economic downturn since the Great Depression, telling them to avoid the factory. Millennials “remember their father and mother both were laid off. They blame it on the manufacturing recession,” says Birgit Klohs, chief executive of The Right Place, a business development agency for western Michigan.

These concerns aren’t misplaced: Employment in manufacturing has fallen from 17 million in 1970 to 12 million in 2013. When the recovery began, worker shortages first appeared in the high-skilled trades. Now shortages are appearing at the mid-skill levels.

“The gap is between the jobs that take to skills and those that require a lot of skill,” says Rob Spohr, a business professor at Montcalm Community College. “There’re enough people to fill the jobs at McDonalds and other places where you don’t need to have much skill. It’s that gap in between, and that’s where the problem is. ”

Julie Parks of Grand Rapids Community points to another key to luring Millennials into manufacturing: a work/life balance. While their parents were content to work long hours, young people value flexibility. “Overtime is not attractive to this generation. They really want to live their lives,” she says.


41.[E] says that for factory owners, workers are harder to find because of stiff competition.

42.[A] says that he switched to electrical engineering because he loves working with tools.

43.[G] says that the manufacturing recession is to blame for the lay-off the young people’s parents.

44.[B] points out that there are enough people to fill the jobs that don’t need much skill

45.[F] points out that a work/life balance can attract young people into manufacturing


My dream has always been to work somewhere in an area between fashion and publishing. Two years before graduating from secondary school, I took a sewing and design course thinking that I would move on to a fashion design course. However, during that course I realized I was not good enough in this area to compete with other creative personalities in the future, so I decided that it was not the right path for me. Before applying for university I told everyone that I would study journalism, because writing was, and still is. One of my favorite activities. But, to be honest, I said it, because I thought that fashion and me together was just a dream ---I knew that no one could imagine me in the fashion industry at all! So I decided to look for some fashion-related courses that included writing. This is when I noticed the course “Fashion Media & Promotion”.




Suppose you are invited by Professor Williams to give a presentation about Chinese culture to a group of international students. Write a reply to

1) accept the invitation, and

2) introduce the key points of your presentation

You should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

Don’t use your own name, use “LiMing” instead.

Don’t write your address. (10 points)



Dear professor, 
     I feel very happy when I accept your invitation, and I think it would be my great honor to give a presentation to the students overseas. Meanwhile, I’d like to express my gratitude for giving me the opportunity.
    The details of the presentation are as follows. To begin with, I will briefly introduce traditional Chinese culture, which is the accumulation of Chinese history. History makes the Chinese culture colorful and prosperous. Moreover, many other kinds of cultural forms such as Chinese painting, poem, opera and so on are needed to show to the students abroad, which can help broaden their horizons and have a better understanding of Chinese culture.
    Thanks a lot for your time and attention to this letter, words are beyond me to express my thanks to you. I will try my best to do this presentation. Finally, looking forward your reply.

                                                                 Yours sincerely,
                                                                       Li Ming



48.Write an essay based on the following chart.In your writing, you should

1)interpret the chart,and

2)Give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points)



    The provided line chart clearly illustrates a tendency that the number of museum visitors witnessed a steady increase with the establishment of more museums. As is vividly reflected in the chart, the number of museum visitors started from 63,780,000 in 2013 and ended to 78,110,000 in 2015, while the sum of museums also experienced an increase from 4165 to 4697 over these two years. The positive correlation between these two increases is a thought-provoking phenomenon worth exploration.

    The factors which might contribute to this correlation can be discussed from the following aspects. To begin with, with the establishment of more museums, there are more chances for people to visit museums. They are easily accessible to general public. The widespread availability of museums has thus brought about an interest in probing the history and the convention of our country. Moreover, it can be said without any exaggeration that the improvement of education arouses people’s attention to pursue a quality life with an attitude of cherishing culture and literacy. 

    Museums are great repositories of mankind’s historical artifacts and achievements in art. From them we can learn a great deal about the people of the past and their link to the people of the present. As what has been discussed above, we can safely make a predication that the upwards tendency of visiting museums will remain this momentum in the near future.


    What is shown in the chart is the increasing number of the museum and the tourist from 2013 to 2015. During these years, the figure of museums experienced a gradual rise from 4.145 thousand to 4.692 thousand. With the increasing tendency, the tourist’s number was also rising considerably, which was from 6.378 billion to 7.811 billion. 
    What might contribute to the ring trend? I would like to lay emphasis on the reasons as follows. Among shaping factors, the most important one is that the development of the economy which results in more income for people. And it makes people more affordable for the payment of visiting museums. In addition, the government has issued a series of policies to promote the development of culture which makes museums more diversified and more abundant in quantity. And the increasing number of museum satisfies the diversified preference of people. And then, we must admit that more and more people would like to pursue spiritual and cultural experience. They are no longer content to be material demands
    Based on the data and discussions above, we can conclude that the chart is a reflection of our life. And it can be predicted that more and more Chinese citizens will visit more museums in the years to come.

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